World Toilet Day

It’s World Toilet Day!

On the 19th of November, the United Nations has organised ‘World Toilet Day’ in response to the startling fact that 2.5 billion people across the world do not have access to proper sanitation, including toilets or latrines. In fact, according to the World Toilet Organization, 1 billion people (15% of the world population) are forced to practice open defecation just because of they lack access to a clean and safe toilet.

A COCO Supported Toilet Block

A COCO Supported Toilet Block

Poor sanitation is extremely dangerous, causing diarrhoeal diseases and death amongst thousands of children every year. Additionally, the lack of clean and safe toilets place girls and women at risk of sexual violence. The Secretary General of the UN, Bank Ki-moon, argues that, “We have a moral imperative to end open defecation and a duty to ensure women and girls are not at risk of assault and rape simply because they lack a sanitation facility.”

When tackling poverty, providing a clean and safe toilet can be more important than what you think. The World Toilet Organization argues that every $1 spent on water and sanitation generates a $4.3 return in the form of reduced health care costs.

A New Toilet Block At Mercy Primary School

World Toilet Day is important for the environment too. Under Sustainable Development Goal 14, the global community has a responsibility to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. This includes an imperative to prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds by 2025. Without toilets, many people are force to resort to open defecation. According to the World Health Organization, many common diseases that can give diarrhoea can spread from one person to another when people defecate in the open air. During the rainy seasons, excrement may be washed away by rain-water. It may run into wells and streams, and the germs in the excreta will then contaminate the water which may be used for drinking, cooking or washing. This in turn leads to the spread of diseases like cholera and typhoid.

In order to tackle this problem at our overseas projects, COCO has built new toilet blocks for students and teachers. By providing toilets at school, it is hoped that students won’t feel that they have to miss out on education. This may be particularly important for female students who would otherwise suffer from a lack of privacy, especially during menstruation.

Toilets have been constructed across our overseas projects, including at Mercy Primary School, The Hoja Project, and Uwawayaki Nursery School. COCO has also worked to make these toilets serve the local communities by providing compost and biogas to help fertilize crops and provide fuel for cooking.

Children Washing Their Hands Before Lunch

Children Washing Their Hands Before Lunch

It may seem like such a simple thing, but a toilet really can make all the difference to a child’s life.

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Another installment from Brad in Tanzania, on a new Cycle Challenge route!

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After the huge success of the Maasai Cycle Challenge in Kenya, COCO has begun searching for another cycle ride below the Tanzanian border. Plenty of routes had been scouted out before it was decided that a route from Lake Manyara to Lake Natron had the potential to be a winner.

To ensure that the route was tip top before the challenge was agreed upon, I had a recce along the route. The one concern going into the recce was that the route may not quite be challenging enough for experienced cyclists. However, given that the route managed to obliterate our truck, these concerns have been largely alleviated!

Unfortunately due to an early mechanical issue with the truck, and the Tanzanian police’s insistence on checking insurance and tax documents every fifty yards, we were held up on our route to the start point at Mto wa Mbu. Undeterred, we had a quick pit stop for some mbuzi choma na ugali (barbequed goat with ugali) and set upon the route.

We started with a route through banana and rice farms, before the land opened out into a vast savanna meeting Lake Manyara. Much of Lake Manyara is a national park, however, this part was open to the community although with hunting and other disruptive activities not allowed. The local Maasai community were using the lake as a drinking hole for their cattle, who were sharing the water with thousands of pink flamingos.

From Lake Manyara, we looped around and entered an opening of land enclosed by the Ngorongoro crater on one side, and a similar landscape on the other. The guide explained that this area acts as a corridor for animals to hop between Tanganyika and Manyara national parks.

The crater provided a spectacular backdrop as we drove past zebra, giraffes and ostriches. Upon reaching what would be the campsite for the first night, the guide also explained that for those cyclists who wished to stretch their muscles after a day’s cycling could go for a walk into a wooded area to meet elephants that tend to graze within.

As we were doing an express tour of the route, we didn’t spend a night in the campsite and continued onto what would be day two of the challenge. Having bumped around in the truck for a few hours, by the time we landed at what would be the second campsite, I was very tempted with a drink from the bar… Though I dare say the cyclists staying here will have earned their tipple a little more than I had!

As the route had got a little more hilly on day two, it wasn’t altogether surprising to see a mountain on day three, locally known as the Mountain of God. We also came across a huge crater in the ground, locally known as the Valley of God… Clearly plenty of imagination went into naming these landmarks!

One thing that no one would argue was made by God, was our 4×4’s radiator which blew shortly before we reached the Valley of God. Thankfully, we were able to nurse the truck to a campsite on Lake Natron, where we set up camp for the evening.

As a pleasant surprise, the campsite had running water so I was able to have a shower to wash the layers of dust off. I was also treated to a delightful meal by some of the Maasai hosts, though the starter was suspiciously like a Cornish pasty which was rather unexpected.

The truck was taken off to be fixed, but the mechanic had closed shop for the night so we settled down and waited for the morning before it could be fixed and we could continue our journey. Unfortunately the problems with the radiator were a little more complex than we’d hoped. I’m no expert in mechanics, so I don’t know exactly what was up with it, but I do know that it took six hours to fix… Six hours is quite a long time when you have no phone signal, or idea of where you are!

I was told that there were some waterfalls nearby, so I set off to visit them. Predictably I got lost and decided to turn back as the midday sun beat down on me, however, on the cycle challenge (with a guide to direct) I’m sure it would be a lovely excursion!

Unfortunately, by the time our truck was fixed, it was well after 1pm and we’d have no chance of reaching the main road before nightfall if we completed the cycle route. We were also a little skeptical about just how healthy the truck was and wanted to get it as far as possible whilst it still worked. Thankfully the radiator held out until we reached the main road, although the steering alignment did break on the way back.

The cycle challenge route goes from Lake Manyara to Lake Natron, the journey which flamingos take between breeding and eating. What flamingos manage with ease, three men and a 4×4 couldn’t. Over to you cyclists…